What is compounding?
Drug compounding is often regarded as the process of combining or mixing drugs to create a medication tailored to the needs of an individual patient.
The generic form of Vetmedin is Pimobendan.
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Advantage Multi for Dogs helps protect your canine pal from more than just heartworm disease. The broad-spectrum protection also protects from fleas, and treats and controls intestinal parasites and sarcoptic mange.
Advantage Multi® (imidacloprid + moxidectin) provides broad-spectrum parasite protection in a convenient monthly topical application, potentially increasing compliance for dogs and cats that may not prefer oral medications.
For dogs, Advantage Multi® prevents heartworm disease and treats heartworm microfilaria, kills fleas and treats and controls roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and sarcoptic mange. For cats, Advantage Multi® kills fleas, treats and controls ear mites, roundworms and hookworms and prevents heartworm disease all in one easy-to-use topical application. Plus, it's the only FDA-approved product indicated for ferrets for the treatment of fleas and prevention of heartworm disease.
The active ingredient moxidectin is used for the prevention and control of heartworms and intestinal worms by disrupting nerve transmission resulting in the paralysis and death of the parasite. The active ingredient imidacloprid, acts on the nervous system of the flea to cause paralysis and subsequent death.
The recommended minimum dose is 4.5 mg/lb (10 mg/kg) imidacloprid and 1.1 mg/lb (2.5 mg/kg) moxidectin, once a month, by topical administration.
Do not apply to irritated skin
|Dog (lb.)||Advantage Multi For Dogs||Volume (mL)||Imidacloprid (mg)||Moxidectin (mg)|
|3-9||Advantage Multi 9||0.4||40||10|
|9.1-20||Advantage Multi 20||1.0||100||25|
|20.1-55||Advantage Multi 55||2.5||250||62.5|
|55.1-88||Advantage Multi 88||4.0||400||100|
|88.1-110*||Advantage Multi 110||5.0||500||125|
*Dogs over 110 lbs. should be treated with the appropriate combination of Advantage Multi for Dogs tubes.
Do not let this product get in our dog's mouth or eyes. Do not allow the dog to lick any of the application sites for 30 minutes. In households with multiple pets, keep reach treated dog separated from other treated dogs and other pets for 30 minutes after application to prevent licking the applications sites. (See Warnings.)
Stiff hair, a damp appearance of the hair, pink skin, or a slight powdery residue may be observed at the application site on some animals. This is temporary and does not affect the safety and effectiveness of the product.
Shampooing 90 minutes after treatment does not reduce the effectiveness of Advantage Multi for Dogs in the prevention of heartworm disease.
Shampooing or water immersion 4 days after treatment will not reduce the effectiveness of Advantage Multi for Dogs in the treatment of flea infestations. However, shampooing as often as once weekly may reduce the effectiveness of the product against fleas.
With just one treatment, once a month, Advantage Multi® for Dogs not only provides heartworm disease prevention, but kills fleas through contact so they don't have to bite your dog to die.
For prevention of heartworm disease, Advantage Multi Dogs should be administered at one-month intervals. Advantage Multi for Dogs may be administered year-round or at a minimum should start one month before the first expected exposure to mosquitoes and should continue at monthly intervals until one month after the last exposure to mosquitoes. If a dose is missed and a 30-day interval between doses is exceeded, administer Advantage Multi for Dogs immediately and resume the monthly dosing schedule. When replacing another heartworm preventative product in a heartworm prevention program, the first treatment with Advantage Multi Dogs should be given within one month of the last dose of the former medication.
For the treatment of circulating D.immitis microfilariae in heartworm-positive dogs, Advantage Multi for Dogs should be administered at one-month intervals. Treatment with an approved adulticide therapy is recommended because Advantage Multi for Dogs is not effective for the treatment of adult D.immitis. (See Precautions.)
For the treatment of flea infestations, Advantage Multi for Dogs should be administered at one-month intervals. If the dog is already infested with fleas when the first dose of Advantage Multi for Dogs is administered, adult fleas on the dog will be killed. However, reinfestation from the emergence of pre-existing pupae in the environment may continue to occur for six weeks or longer after treatment is initiated. Dogs treated with imidacloprid, including those with pre-existing flea allergy dermatitis have shown clinical improvement as a direct result of elimination of fleas from the dog.
For the treatment and control of intestinal hookworm infections caused by Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala (adults, immature adults and fourth stage larvae) and roundworm infections caused by Toxocara canis (adults an fourth stage larvae), and Toxascaris leonina (adults), and whipworm infections caused by Trichuris vulpis (adults), Advantage Multi for Dogs should be administered once as a single topical dose.
For the treatment and control of sarcoptic mange cause by Sarcoptes scabieivar, canis, Advantage Multi for Dogs should be administered as a single topical dose. A second monthly dose may be administered if necessary.
In a controlled, double-masked, field safety study, Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered to 128 dogs of various breeds, 3 months to 15 years of age, weighing 4 t0 157 pounds. Advantage Multi for Dogs was used sagely in dogs concomitantly receiving ACE inhibitors, anticonvulsants, antihistamines, antimicrobials, chondroprotectants, corticosteroids, immunotherapeutics, MAO inhibitors, NSAIDs, opthalmic medications, sympathomimetics, synthetic estrogens, thyroid hormones, and urinary acidifiers. Owners reported the following signs in their dogs after application of Advantage Multi for Dogs: pruritus, flaky/greasy residue at the treatment site, medicinal odor, lethargy, inappetence, and hyperactivity. (See Adverse Reactions.)
Advantage Multi for Dogs was applied topically at 1, 3 and 5x the recommended dose to 7-week-old Beagle puppies once ever 2 weeks for 6 treatments on days 0, 14, 28, 42, 56, and 70. Loose stools and diarrhea were observed in all groups, including the controls, throughout the study. Vomiting was seen in one puppy from the 1x treatment (day 57), in to puppies from the 3x treatment group (days 1 and 79), and in one puppy from the 5x treatment group (day 1). Two puppies each in the 1x, 3x, and 5x groups had decreased appetites within 24 hours post-dosing. One puppy in the 1x treatment group had pruritus for one hour following the fifth treatment. A puppy from the 5x treatment group displayed rapid, difficult breathing from 4 to hours following the second treatment.
Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered topically to 8-month-old Beagle dogs at 10x the recommended dose once. One dog showed signs of treatment site irritation after application. Two dogs vomited, one at 6 hours and one at 6 days post-treatment. Increased RBC, hemoglobin, activated partial thromboplastin, and direct bilirubin were observed in the treated group. Dogs in the treated group did not gain as much weight as the control group.
Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered once orally at the recommended topical dose to 12 dogs. Six dogs vomited within 1 hour of receiving the test article, 2 of these dogs vomited again at 2 hours, and 1 dog vomited again up to 18 hours post-dosing. One dog exhibited shaking (nervousness) 1 hour post-dosing. Another dog exhibited abnormal neurological signs (circling, ataxia, generalized muscle tremors, and dilated pupils with a slow pupillary light response) starting at 4 hours post-dosing through 18 hours post-dosing. Without treatment, this dog was neurologically normal at 24 hours and had a normal appetite by 48 hours post-dosing. (See Contraindications.)
Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered topically at 3 and 5x the recommended dose every 8 days for 3 treatments to Collies which had been-screened for avermectin sensitivity. No clinical abnormalities were observed.
Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered orally to 5 pre-screened ivermectin-sensitive Collies. The Collies were asymp-tomatic after ingesting 10% of the minimum labeled dose. At 40% of the minimum recommended topical dose, 4 of the dogs experienced neurological signs indicative of avermectin toxicity including depression, ataxia, mydriasis, salivation, muscle fasciculation, and coma, and were euthanized.
Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered topically at 1 and 5x the recommended dose every 14 days for 3 treatments to dogs with adult heartworm infections and circulating microfilatiae. At 5x, one dog was observed vomiting three hours after the second treatment. Hypersensitivity reactions were not seen in the 5x treatment group. Microfilariae counts decreased with treatment.
Do not administer this product orally. (See Warnings)
Do not use this product (containing 2.5% moxidectin) on cats.
For the first 30 minutes after application:
Ensure that dogs cannot lick the product from application sites on themselves or other treated dogs, and separate treated dogs from one another and from other pets to reduce the risk of accidental ingestion. Ingestion of this product by dogs may cause serious adverse reactions including depression, salivation, dilated pupils, incoordination, panting, and generalized muscle tremors.
In avermectin sensitive dogs, a the signs may be more severe and may include coma and death.b
a Some dogs are more sensitive to avermectins due to a mutation in the MDR1 gene, Dogs with this mutation may develop signs of severe avermectin toxicity if they ingest this product. The most common breeds associated with this mutation include Collies and Collie crosses.
b Although there is no specific antagonist for avermectin toxicity, even severely affected dogs have completely recovered from avermectin toxicity with intensive veterinary supportive care.
Not for human use. Keep out of the reach of children.
Children should not come in contact with application sites for two (2) hours after application.
Causes eye irritation. Harmful if swallowed, Do not get in eyes or on clothing. Avoid contact with skin. Exposure to the product has been reported to cause headache; dizziness; and redness, burning, tingling, or numbness of the skin. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and warm water after handling.
If contact with eyes occurs, hold eyelids open and flush with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes. If eye irritation develops or persists, contact a physician. If swallowed, call poison control center or physician immediately for treatment advice. Have person sip a glass of water if able to swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by the poison control center or physician. People with known hypersensitivity to benzyl alcohol, imidacloprid or moxidectin should administer the product with caution. In case of allergic reaction, contact a physician. If contact with skin or clothing occurs, take off contaminate clothing. Wash skin immediately with plenty of soap and water. Call a poison control center or physician for treatment advice.
The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provides additional occupational safety information. For a copy of the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) or to report adverse reactions call Bayer Veterinary Services at 1-800-422-9874. For consumer question call 1-800-255-6826.
Do not dispense dose applicator tubes without complete safety and administration information.
Use with caution in sick, debilitated, or underweight animals. The safety of Advantage Multi for Dogs has not been established in breeding, pregnant, or lactating dogs. The safe use of Advantage Multi for Dogs has not been established in puppies and dogs less than 7 weeks of age or less than 3 lbs. body weight.
Prior to administration of Advantage Multi for Dogs, dogs should be tested for existing heartworm infection. At the discretion of the veterinarian, infected dogs should be treated with an adulticide to remove adult heartworms. The safety of Advantage Multi for Dogs has not been evaluated when administered on the same day as an adulticide. Advantage Multi for Dogs is not effective against adult D. immitis. Although the number of circulating microfilariae is substantially reduced in most dogs following treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs, the microfilaria count in some heartworm-positive dogs may increase or remain unchanged following treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs or in a dosing regimen with melarsomine dihydrochloride. (See Adverse Reactions and Animal Safety - Safety Study in Heartworm-Positive Dogs.)
Advantage Multi for Dogs has not been evaluated in heartworm-positive dogs with class 4 heartworm disease.
Field Studies: Following treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs or an active control, dog owners reported the following post-treatment reactions:
|Observation||Advantage Multi n=128||Active Control n=68|
|Pruritus||19 dogs (14.8%)||7 dogs (10.3%)|
|Residue||9 dogs (7.0%)||5 dogs (7.4%)|
|Medicinal Odor||5 dogs (3.9%)||None observed|
|Lethargy||1 dog (0.8%||1 dog (1.5%|
|Inappetence||1 dog (0.8%)||1 dog (1.5%)|
|Hyperactivity||1 dog (0.8%)||None observed|
During a field study using 61 dogs with pre-existing flea allergy dermatitis, one (1.6%) dog experienced localized pruritus immediately after imidacloprid application, and one investigator noted hyperkeratosis at the application site of one dog (1.6%).
In a field safety and effectiveness study, Advantage Multi for Dogs was administered to 92 client-owned dogs with sarcoptic mange. The dogs ranged in age from 2 months to 12.5 years and ranged in weight from 3 to 231.5 pounds. Adverse reaction in dogs treated with Advantage Multi for Dogs included hematochezia, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, inappetence, and pyoderma.
One dog in laboratory effectiveness study experienced weakness, depression, and unsteadiness between 6 and 9 days after application of Advantage Multi for Dogs. The signs resolved without intervention by day 10 post-application. The signs in this dog may have been related to peak serum levels of moxidectin, which vary between dogs, and occur between 1 and 21 days after application of Advantage Multi for Dogs.
The following clinical observations also occurred in laboratory effectiveness studies following application with Advantage Multi for Dogs and may be directly attributed to the drug or may be secondary to the intestinal parasite burden or other underlying conditions in the dogs: diarrhea, bloody stools, vomiting, anorexia, lethargy, coughing, ocular discharge and nasal discharge. Observations at the application sites included damp, stiff or greasy hair, the appearance of a white deposit on the hair, and mild erythema, which resolved without treatment within 2 to 48 hours.
Field Study: A 56-day field safety study was conducted in 214 D.immitis heartworm and microfilariae positive dogs with Class 1, 2 or 3 heartworm disease. All dogs received Advantage Multi for Dogs on Study Days 0 and 28; 108 dogs also received melarsomine dihydrochloride on Study Days - 14, 14 and 15. All dogs were hospitalized for a minimum of 12 hours following each treatment. Effectiveness against circulating D.immitis microfilariae was > 90% at five of sic sites; however, one site had an effectiveness of 73.3%. The microfilariae count in some heartworm-positive dogs increased or remained unchanged following treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs alone or in a dosing regimen with melarsomine dihydrochloride. Following treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs alone or in a dosing regimen with melarsomine dihydrochloride, the following adverse reactions were observed:
|Adverse Reaction||Dogs Treated with Advantage Multi for Dogs Only n=106||Dogs Treated with Advantage Multi for Dogs + Melarsomine n=108|
|Cough||24 (22.6%)||25 (23.1%)|
|Lethargy||14 (13.2%)||42 (38.9%)|
|Vomiting||11 (10.4%)||18 (16.7%)|
|Diarrhea, including hemorrhagic||10 (9.4%)||22 (20.4%)|
|Inappetence||7 (6.6%)||19 (17.6%)|
|Dyspnea||6 (5.7%)||10 (9.3%)|
|Tachypnea||1 (< 1%)||7 (6.5%)|
|Pulmonary hemorrhage||0||1 (<1 %)|
Three dogs treated with Advantage Multi for Dogs in a dosing regimen with melarsomine dihydrochloride died of pulmonary embolism from dead and dying heartworms. One dog, treated with Advantage Multi for Dogs and melarsomine dihydrochloride, experienced pulmonary hemorrhage and responded to supportive medical treatment. Following the first treatment with Advantage Multi for Dogs alone, two dogs experienced adverse reactions (coughing, vomiting, and dyspnea) that required hospitalization. In both groups, there were more adverse reactions to Advantage Multi for Dogs following the first treatment than the second treatment.
To report a suspected adverse reactions, call 1-800-422-9874.
The following adverse events are based on post-approval drug experience reporting. Not all adverse reaction s are reported to FDA CVM. It is not always possible to reliably estimate the adverse even frequency or establish a causal relationship to product exposure using this data. The following adverse events in dogs are listed in decreasing order of reporting frequency: depression/lethargy, vomiting, pruritus, diarrhea, anorexiz, hyperactivity, ataxia, trembling, hypersalivation, application site reactions ( alopecia, pruritusm lesions, and erythema), seizures, and anaphylaxis/anaphylactic reactions (hives, urticaria, facial swelling, edema of the head).
Serious reactions, including neurologic signs and death have been reported when cats have been exposed (orally and topically) to this product.
In humans, nausea, numbness or tingling of the mouth/lips and throat, ocular and dermal irritation, pruritus, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, depression and dyspnea have been reported following exposure to this product. To report suspected adverse events and/or obtain a copy of the SDS or for technical assistance, call Bayer Animal Health at 1-800-422-9874. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or online at http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth.